**Complete the Quadrilateral**

##### (Don Steward, 2013)

Try finding the largest and smallest rhombus, rectangle, trapezoids etc. so their vertices include a special point and the other vertices lie on the lattice points of a grid. The first half of the video is quite easy, but the latter part is really fun and interesting. These puzzles were inspired by Don Steward’s brilliant blog.

Below – students struggle through a tougher variant. Download it here.

Nothing must be advanced in a positive manner. The mind of the ** pupil** is to be the principal operator; it must instruct, convince, and confute

*itself**;*and when it arrives at some important truth or result, it must be through its own powers. It ought not even to perceive that it has been guided thither.

Baobab Education had a clever theme for these type of puzzles – rock climbing walls… When I redo this puzzle I will use their theme. These themes do not make the problem “real world” – no climber looks at a rock wall and sees trapezoids 😉 However themes add interest for those students who need a little bit more to get engaged. Just because the connections are silly does not mean that they are pedagogically wrong.

**Standards for ****Mathematical Practice**

MathPickle puzzle and game designs engage a wide spectrum of student abilities while targeting the following Standards for Mathematical Practice:

##### MP1 Toughen up!

Students develop grit and resiliency in the face of nasty, thorny problems. It is the most sought after skill for our students.

##### MP2 Think abstractly!

Students take problems and reformat them mathematically. This is helpful because mathematics lets them use powerful operations like addition.

##### MP3 Work together!

Students discuss their strategies to collaboratively solve a problem and identify missteps in a failed solution. MathPickle recommends pairing up students for all its puzzles.

##### MP4 Model reality!

Students create a model that mimics the real world. Discoveries made by manipulating the model often hint at something in the real world.

##### MP5 Know the tools.

Students master the tools at their fingertips - whether it's a pencil or an online app.

##### MP6 Be precise!

Students learn to communicate using precise terminology. MathPickle encourages students not only to use the precise terms of others, but to invent and rigorously define their own terms.

##### MP7 Be observant!

Students learn to identify patterns. This is one of the things that the human brain does very well. We sometimes even identify patterns that don't really exist 😉

##### MP8 Be lazy!?!

Students learn to seek for shortcuts. Why would you want to add the numbers one through a hundred if you can find an easier way to do it?

Please use MathPickle in your classrooms. If you have improvements to make, please contact me. I'll give you credit and kudos 😉 For a free poster of MathPickle's ideas on elementary math education go here.