**Lazy Toad Puzzles**

##### (Matej Veselovac, 2019)

Matej saw the jumping frogs puzzle on numberphile and was inspired to extend the exploration to lily pads linked together – but not necessarily in a line. The patterns he explored are called trees, but that really just means that from any lilypad there is exactly one connected path to get to any other lily pad. If you have not seen the original jumping frogs puzzle you might want to watch the video below – paying special attention to the lazy toads.

Thank you

PS. Matej has created a free app for this puzzle. Here is the link.

PPS. Matej has listed all solutions for trees with less than fifteen nodes here.

PPPS. Contact me: gord at mathpickle.com with any puzzling ideas. I’ll give you full credit and we can have fun letting the world discover your puzzle.

**Standards for ****Mathematical Practice**

MathPickle puzzle and game designsΒ engage a wide spectrum of student abilities while targeting the following Standards for Mathematical Practice:

##### Β

##### MP1 Toughen up!

Students develop grit and resiliency in the face of nasty, thorny problems. It is the most sought after skill for our students.

##### MP2 Think abstractly!

Students take problems and reformat them mathematically. This is helpful because mathematics lets them use powerful operations like addition.

##### MP3 Work together!

Students discuss their strategies to collaboratively solve a problem and identify missteps in a failed solution. MathPickle recommends pairing up students for all its puzzles.

##### MP4 Model reality!

Students create a model that mimics the real world. Discoveries made by manipulating the model often hint at something in the real world.

##### Β

##### MP5 Know the tools.

Students master the tools at their fingertips - whether it's a pencil or an online app.Β

##### MP6 Be precise!

Students learn to communicate using precise terminology. MathPickle encourages students not only to use the precise terms of others, but to invent and rigorously define their own terms.

##### MP7 Be observant!

Students learn to identify patterns. This is one of the things that the human brain does very well. We sometimes even identify patterns that don't really exist π

##### MP8 Be lazy!?!

Students learn to seek for shortcuts. Why would you want to add the numbers one through a hundred if you can find an easier way to do it?